How Alcohol Damages Our Brain Structure?
Alcohol can be obtained in different forms; the common examples include: wine, beer and liquor. The standard serving sizes of alcohol in different forms are: 8 oz malt liquor, 12 oz beer, and 5 oz wine. Regular consumption of alcoholic beverages results in a number of health problems. The first prey of drinking habit is our liver; however, gradually the other organs of our body including the brain get severely affected by alcohol consumption. In this article we have discussed how alcohol damages our brain structure.
Alcohol is not only known for causing short-term disorders of our nervous system, but might also trigger permanent brain impairment. According to medical experts, drinking alcohol during pregnancy might cause a condition known as fetal alcohol syndrome. A baby with fetal alcohol syndrome will have an abnormally formed, small brain and might also suffer from mental disabilities and behavioral and psychological problems all through his life.
A study conducted in the year 2008 has revealed that the amount of white matter (the cabling between brain cells) and gray matter (the brain cells) get significantly reduced in individuals who consume alcohol chronically. Alcohol damages frontal lobe of our brain; this part of the brain is responsible for accomplishing functions like: making decisions, regulating emotions and withholding responses. The reduction in the amount of white matter particularly affect’s one’s ability for relaying information; this in turn impairs his memory. A previous study conducted to find out the effects of alcohol on the brain of adolescents revealed that consumption of only 20 drinks in a month can result in reduction in the amount of white matter in the adolescents.
Alcoholism can lead to thiamine deficiency, which is a common disorder found in the chronic drinkers. Thiamine regulates brain development and functions. Its deficiency can damage the structure of cerebellum and thus can cause serious medical conditions like paralysis of nerves that are responsible for movement of our eyes, mental confusion, decrease in learning abilities of the brain and impaired muscle coordination.